And now it turns out that just how babies get head down is important.
In recent years, the manual turning of the breech baby to head down has been poorly reviewed for adverse outcomes (Culver’s review of the Cochrane data base, 2013, 2015).
This September new research compared the cesarean rate after successful External Cephalic Version (ECV) with the cesarean rate after spontaneous cephalic version (Boujenah, 2017). ECV is the procedure when a doctor or midwife manually turns the baby head down by manipulating the baby through the mother’s abdomen, while spontaneous cephalic version is when a breech baby turns head down on their own.
After ECV the cesarean rate was about 1 in 5 compared to fewer than 1 in 10 for babies who had been breech but turned themselves head down (respectively 20.7% versus 7.07%) Funky head positions were more than 1 in 4, 28.6% versus 0% between the matched baby positions.
Boujenah concludes, a successful ECV increases risk of caesarean section compared with a spontaneous cephalic version in which the baby flips under their own power. See more on this at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28951278
Yesterday Jennifer Walker, Spinning Babies Approved Trainer, spoke in The Netherlands at a conference dedicated to improving External Cephalic Version (ECV) skills. Among the questions raised by the Dutch midwives and obstetrician-gynecologists was, “Why is there a higher cesarean rate after successful ECVs than spontaneous versions?” and “How might we raise our 48% national rate for successful ECVs?”
From the Spinning Babies perspective, Jennifer Walker opened with a new question, “Perhaps, we’re asking the wrong question. Instead of asking “How can we improve our ECV rate?” should we not be asking, “Why are babies in the breech position?”
In Spinning Babies we often say babies find the best position in the space available. Baby’s position is not random. The pelvis is not only a bony passage. It’s filled with muscles and ligaments that support and anchor the uterus in the pelvis. These soft tissues allow or restrict anatomical space.
ECV success is not just babies being able to be head down, true success is babies being able to be born vaginally and without injury. Force doesn’t resolve a lack of space or uterine torsion which is necessary for both the successful ECV and ease in the labor following ECV. A research study on a protocol using Spinning Babies before the ECV may show improved outcomes.
Jennifer invites us to consider that “when a woman has done this in contact with her body and her baby then she is at peace, because this is their journey, together.”