That's my occiput...Read about head-down fetal positions here. Go to the Breech section to read about head-up babies.

The Belly Mapping how-to article may give you clues to your own baby's position.

What's a malposition?

A malposition is commonly considered a "bad" (mal, from the French) position. Personally, I don't think the position of the posterior baby deserves such an unyielding judgement. Yet, for some posterior babies, their position is what prevents their birth. And that is bad, in a way of speaking. 

Read more: What's a malposition?

Why might babies be malpositioned?

Sometimes the gorgeous design for fetal positioning is tampered with by cultural habits (slouching on the couch), poor nutrition (low iodine), or even the mistaken habits of the health practitioner or other helper (over use of epidural, esp. before 5 cm dilation; occasionally, restricting a woman to her back). 

Read more: Why might babies be malpositioned?

Myths of occiput posterior

There are some myths about laboring with a posterior baby.
Let's start with appreciation for Penny Simkin's brave confrontation of a dogmatic trend that has arisen over the last few years.  At first, I was rather surprised to hear a talk by Penny Simkin called, "The OP Fetus; How little we know." Now, the light has gone on. Parents and professionals alike have some misunderstandings about the influence of posterior presentation on labor. For instance, "She didn't have back labor so I didn't think the baby was posterior." Or, "We did everything we could because we tried hands and knees position in labor."

Sometimes a midwife or doctor will say they don't pay much attention to a head down baby's position in late pregnancy because some posterior babies come out fine. Emphasis mine. Spinning Babies is about the 15-30% that need more help than strong labor and the hands and knees position.


Read more: Myths of occiput posterior

Oblique lie

The baby is oblique when baby's head is in the mother's hip. The baby's body and head are diagonal, not vertical and not horizontal (transverse lie). 

Read more: Oblique lie

Transverse; lying sideways

“Transverse Lie” means a sideways position. The baby has his head to one of his mother’s sides and the bottom across her abdomen at her other side. This is normal before, and at, 26 weeks, but by 29-30 weeks we expect babies to be head down, or at least breech. If not, this article outlines what to do, easy ways to fix it, and what to do if they don't - read the stories, too.


Read more: Transverse; lying sideways

Right Occiput Posterior

Right Occiput Posterior has the back on the right and hands wiggling in front.Baby is head down and the back is to the side- The right side. This position can be deceptively reassuring. ROP is the most common of the four posterior positions.

The ROP baby has the forehead in the front, lined up with the symphysis pubis and bladder. Little baby hands are likely to wiggle on both sides of the center line (linea nigra) just above the pubic bone area, but below the mother's navel. 


Read more: Right Occiput Posterior

Left Occiput Anterior

LOAThe left occiput anterior position is often the easiest fetal position for the start of labor.

Babies settle in the LOA position naturally when the womb is pretty well balanced. This position helps the baby be in the smallest diameter to fit the pelvis.

Click "Read LOA" to see pictures and understand more.

Read more: Left Occiput Anterior

Will Baby fit?


Is it CPD or not?see the larger picture later in this article, click read CPD

Head size is less important when it comes to fitting through the pelvis than is the angle of the baby's head. A posterior baby will present a bigger head circumference and can sometimes get stuck in a pelvis that the same baby could have fit through if anterior. See what to do to reduce incorrect diagnosis of CephaloPelvic Disproportion (baby's head is too big for mother's pelvis).

Read more: Will Baby fit?

Right Occiput Anterior

ROA baby with map
The back of my baby is more on my right side than on my left side. 
I don't feel any flutters of fingers low in front, its all quiet between my navel and my pubic bone. Kicks are only in the upper left and a bulge rises in the upper right occasionally. The heart beat is easy to hear in front on the right.

The ROA baby is not on the Spinning Babies list of clearly ideal or optimal fetal positions. Read why not...

Read more: Right Occiput Anterior

Head down is not enough!

Many parents think that as long as the baby is head down in the womb the baby is ready for birth. Head down is only half the story.

It is a big relief to find out the baby is not breech (buttocks coming through the pelvis before the head is born). Especially when so many breech babies are born by cesarean these days.  But being head down is only the first step.

For the best chance at a natural birth,

Look at the articles In Pregnancy for tips on what to do when, and why its important.

Dip in the Belly

"There is an indentation in my belly near my navel. Does this mean my baby is posterior?"

An indentation, or dip, near or beneath your belly button can mean a couple of things. One possibility is that the baby is posterior. The posterior baby has his or her back along the mother's back. The knees are bent and the arms are bent, usually. This makes the baby in the shape of a letter "C." The opening of the "C" is towards the mother's abdomen wall and navel. The opening can allow a "dip" in the mother's belly shape, right about the place her navel is.


Read more: Dip in the Belly


Asynclitism means asymmetrical. Its when a baby’s head is tipped towards one shoulder. The tipped head has a harder time passing through the narrow part of the pelvis; the ishial spines. Labor becomes longer, and sometimes baby doesn't fit out the pelvis...Happily, we have techniques for this problem.

Read more: Asynclitism

Anterior Placenta

What is the effect of an anterior placenta on fetal positioning? 

An anterior placenta means that the placenta is located on the front of the uterus. Most of the baby will be hidden behind it. 

It is a common belief that the anterior placement of the placenta causes the baby to be posterior. The fact that this is sometimes true doesn't mean it is always true. Babies can be anterior with an anterior placenta. Abdominal tone, when loosened, can allow the baby to turn away from the placenta and face the mother's back.

Read more: Anterior Placenta

Occiput Posterior - OP

What is a posterior fetal presentation? Why would a baby's posterior position matter in labor? Here are pregnancy clues a mother can use to tell if baby is sunny-side up. Why some posteriors are easy and some are long and painful and how to tell which labor its going to be. After this, you might go to What to do in a Posterior Labor.


Read more: Occiput Posterior - OP

Occiput Transverse

ROTOcciput Transverse (OT or OL)

The baby is facing the hip. (Occiput Lateral in the UK, AUS and NZ.) 

"Please explain why it is better for a baby to be positioned LOT (Left Occiput Transverse) as opposed to ROT (Right Occiput Transverse) for birth? What can be done to encourage baby to turn from ROT?"


Read more: Occiput Transverse

“Baby, stay anterior!"

What is "the most practical way of making sure my baby stays anterior? I've had TWO posterior babies! UGH!”

Mainly, the baby will "stay" anterior if your womb is balanced (symmetrical, not torqued or twisted)  and you continue to use good maternal positioning. Positioning without releasing tension in the abdominal soft tissues and pelvic joints isn't likely to succeed in rotating a baby in pregnancy, especially for a woman with a history of posterior babies or breech, because these positions show the uterine ligaments weren't in balance before pregnancy.

Read more: “Baby, stay anterior!"